The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

Author: Meziramar Sabei
Country: Bermuda
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 28 August 2015
Pages: 356
PDF File Size: 7.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.19 Mb
ISBN: 991-4-60126-898-5
Downloads: 21372
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dikree

The south and north showed wide contrasts in their original character and in their traditions of British rule.

Full text of “The dual mandate in British tropical Africa”

Finally, Lugard reasoned that colonisation had become a fad and that, in order to remain a super power, Britain would need to hold colonies to avoid appearing weak. This system, cooperative in spirit and economical in staff and expense, he elaborated on in his detailed political memorandums.

On a red disk he placed a green six-pointed star, which he referred to as the Seal of Solomon. Dual Mandate, Africa The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard —the best known of the British colonial officers to serve in Africa.

Early 20th-century European poses with African Pigmies Wikimedia.

Nonetheless, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is illuminating for readers seeking to understand the mandahe of British colonial policies in Africa. Childbirth in England However, in practice the British turned the chiefs into agents of the colonial administration.

In practice, it proved workable largely because the existing hierarchical political order in Northern Nigeria fit perfectly with the demands of the system.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Decentralization and continuity could only be achieved if cooperation existed within the administrative chains, especially between the provincial staff and local rulers. In addition, these resources and inexpensive native labour slavery having been outlawed by Britain in would provide vital fuel for the industrial revolution in resource-depleted Britain, as well as monies for public works projects.


A Mahdi rebellion in at the Satirua village near Sokoto, resulted in the total destruction of the town and huge numbers of casualties.

Indirect Rule in Southeastern Nigeria, — During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention.

She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged Decentralization at all levels of government, with a strong coordinating authority in the center, allowed for greater efficiency. He also saw state-sponsored colonisation as a way to protect missionaries, local chiefs and local people from each other, as well as from foreign powers. Archived from the original PDF on 7 December In Lugard married Flora Shaw, a beautiful and famous woman, herself a great traveler, an authority upon colonial policy, and a member of the staff of The Times of London.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. In Northern Nigeria, the revenue that allowed state development projects was less because the taxes was absent and thus funding of projects was covered from revenue generated in the south. Indirect rule was thus less successful here.

Dual Mandate, Africa

Blackwood and Sons, Secondly, he argued that Britain practiced a beneficent regime that taught Africans the value of freedom and liberty, hence their desire for independence. The name ‘Dealtry’ mandafe in honour of Thomas Dealtrya friend of his father.

He succeeded in that enterprise in spite of great hardships—including a poisoned arrow in his head.

Stanley during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Lugarv section does not cite any sources. He reasoned that black Africans were very different from white Europeans, although he did speculate on the admixture of Aryan or Hamitic blood arising from the advent of Islam among the Hausa and Fulani.


The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

No greater contrast could be imagined than that between the vast untamed expanse of Northern Nigeria and the small island of Hong Kong with its highly civilized Chinese and sophisticated commercial British community.

To shield British spheres of influence from external intrusion, the British Foreign Office declared them as Protectorates. Governor-General of Nigeria — It offered a comprehensive evaluation of the nature and challenges of British rule in Africa.

But the established traditional route to Machakos was a treacherous journey through the large Taru Desert—93 miles of scorching dust bowl.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard – Wikipedia

To the end of his life, deeply saddened by the death of his wife inhe worked almost incessantly in his secluded house on a survey of matters affecting the interests of native races both inside and outside the British Empire.

Ostensibly, the colonial official was a sympathetic adviser and a counselor to the chiefs; in reality, though, the official would dictate colonial policies and regulations to the chiefs. Apart from east and southern Africa, where the terrain and temperate weather offered convenient habitation to European settlers, the African tropics held few incentives for white settlers. Retrieved from ” https: