G. Hardin – “Living on a Lifeboat” (in James E. White text). Hardin’s thesis: People in rich nations should do nothing for the people of poor. The University of Dayton. Dayton, OH Garrett Hardin presents the metaphor that the United States and other developed coun- tries constitute a lifeboat of. This is where Garrett Hardin, and his work, Lifeboat Ethics enter the scene. Throughout Hardin’s work, he lays out the premises of how each.

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This program moved billions of dollars worth of U.

Outline of Garrett Hardin – Living on a Lifeboat

Each step is worse than the last, by escalating the number of mismanaged poor. If poor countries received no food from the outside, the rate of their population growth would be periodically checked by crop failures and famines.

Centuries ago, wise men invented statutes of limitations to justify the rejection of such pure justice, in the interest of preventing continual disorder. Known as the “Green Revolution,” these programs have led to the development of “miracle rice” and “miracle wheat,” new strains that offer bigger harvests and greater resistance to crop damage.


The needy person to whom the guilt-ridden person yields his place will not himself feel guilty about his good luck.

Our experience with the “Food for Peace program,” or Public Lawgives us the answer. India, for example, now has a population of million, which increases by 15 million each year. McMahon – – Business Ethics Quarterly 10 1: They may mend their ways, and learn to budget for infrequent but certain emergencies. For example, the air and water have become polluted because they are treated as commons. On the average poor countries undergo a 2.

To be generous with one’s own possessions is quite different from being generous with wthics of posterity.

Lifeboat ethics

Agar – – Journal of Medical Ethics 41 4: Return to Course Home Page. Should those nations that do manage to put something aside be forced to come to the rescue each hzrdin an emergency occurs among the poor nations?

Alexander Betts – – Ethics and International Affairs 29 4: Posterity will be satisfied with nothing less. Hardin assumes that questions of benefit are more important here than questions of justice.

Lifeboat ethics: The case against helping the poor

Most people are drowning. If everyone would restrain himself, all would be well; but it takes only one less than everyone to ruin a system of voluntary restraint. But aren’t we all immigrants, or the descendants of immigrants? The law zealously defends property rights, but only relatively recent property rights. The Christian hardib is identical to Marxism here.


But then they should not go to immigrants.

Multiplying the Rich and the Poor Now suppose the U. The public emphasis was always on its humanitarian effects. What are the real reasons that rich countries permit immigration?

One member of the audience countered: The boat swamps, everyone drowns. If each country is solely responsible for its own well-being, poorly managed ones will suffer. If he did, he would not climb aboard. Drawing a line after an arbitrary time has elapsed may be unjust, but the alternatives are worse.

Moral Bioenhancement is Dangerous.

Perhaps we still feel guilty about things we said in the past. In the past, one wave of foreigners after another was brought into the U. lifehoat

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