ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.

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Summary Horkheimer deals with the concept of reason within the history of western philosophy.

The issue is that reason throws into doubt any claim to the absolute. Primary Sources References in the text above are to the English translations, where available.

The earlier essays largely ask for the sciences to go about their normal business within an interdisciplinary setting that would correct these problems. In fact, he horkhemer suffering as resulting from a lack of rational social organization, and proposes that any attempt to improve society must involve making it in some way more rational. Dialectic resembles debate, but the concept excludes subjective elements such as emotional appeal and the modern pejorative sense of rhetoric.

Literary Encyclopedia | Eclipse of Reason

Objective reason deals with ends, determining actions by how reasonable their purpose is. However, if the way to achieve objective reason is dialectically, then this requires a mathematical formalization of dialectic. Horkheimer finishes by noting that this research will be aimed at the elucidation of the links between economic structure, psychology, and culture, such that the work of various social scientists and theorists can be brought together to forge an empirically informed picture of society that might replace such previous metaphysical categories as Universal Reason or Spirit.


Social analysis in a broader sense, however, has origins in the common stock of philosophy and necessarily pre-dates the field.

Eclipse of Reason | Digifesto

The naming itself is controversial, since it was the Frankfurt School proponents who accused the critical rationalists of being positivists—while the latter considered themselves as opponents of positivism. Summation and Dissolution of the Early Program 4. This is why a strong metaphysical conception of reality is unavailable to us; all thinking is marked by practical and theoretical interests that are partial and subject to historical change.

This form of reason does not concern itself with analysis of the content or ends, but rather assumes that the ends are for the benefit of actor of the means. It is hard for me to tell whether Horkheimer would prefer things to go back the way they were, or if he thinks horkheimeg we must resign ourselves to a bleak inhuman future, or what. Rather than pursuing an interest in understanding human existence, Horkheimer argues, metaphysics obscures the proper understanding of human life.

Max Horkheimer

Subjective reason separates objective is and ought, fact and value. The Institute began as a Marxist study group started by Felix Weil, a one-time student of political science at Frankfurt who used his inheritance to fund an institution that would support his leftist academic aims.

Philosophical FragmentsE. Adorno and first published in Dialectic comprises three stages of development: Adorno wrote that, “Negative Dialectics is a phrase that flouts tradition.

This problem, which only society itself could rationally solve through the systematic incorporation of each member into a consciously directed labor process, manifests itself in the bourgeois epoch as a conflict in the inner life of its subjects. Ferrari de Prieto and Eduardo Prieto. He starts with an explanation of the Objective theory of reason then he explains its decline and the rise of subjective reason, which he gives a few ideological examples for it until we reach pragmatism.


Dialectic of Enlightenment German: If one does not believe in such a thing as human agency or transcendent moral truth, the world becomes completely intolerable, science politicized, and any weakness is to be obsessed over and any greatness condemned. The Myth of Disenchantment: Karl Marx’s Grundrisse is published.

He feels that moder I think I looked at the copyright page about 20 times thinking, “Really? A revised version appeared in Rather, various social and economic forces keep the proletariat from recognizing its potential; for example there is a split between the unemployed, who suffer most from capitalism but are disorganized, and the workers who can be organized, but fear losing their jobs Horkheimer a, 61— Herbert Marcuse’s Reason and Revolution is published.

El concepto de naturaleza en Marx. This type of reason may be called subjective reason. Editorial Reviews – Eclipse of Reason From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, and what he considers its present reified domination.

Truth can only be discovered through dynamic thought: Thomism was made to reconcile Christian doctrine with Aristotle, one of the few authorities available on science.